EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PROCREATION BY DR ZBIGNIEW HALAT Home Page
of procreation - the sexual activity of conceiving and bearing
offspring whom parents guarantee safe and optimal development from
conception until their children achieve full independence.
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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PROCREATION
BY DR Z HALAT
MEDICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY CONSULTANT, NOXOLOGIST
DEFINITION OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
the study (health surveys, observation, hypothesis testing, analytic research, and experiments)
of the distribution (analysis by time, place, and classes of persons affected)
and determinants (physical, biological, social, cultural, and behavioural factors that influence health)
of health-related states or events (diseases, causes of death, behaviour such as promiscuity, other sociopathies, reactions to preventive regimens)
in specified populations (identifiable characteristics such as precisely defined numbers)
and the application of this study to control health problems (to promote, protect, and restore health)
John M. Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology
FUNCTIONS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY1. Discover the agent, host, and environmental factors that affect health, in order to provide the scientific basis for
the prevention of disease and injury and the promotion of health.
2. Determine the relative importance of causes of illness, disability, and death, in order to establish priorities for
research and action.
3. Identify those sections of the population that have the greatest risk from specific causes of ill health [and benefit
from specific interventions], in order that the indicated action may be directed appropriately.
4. Evaluate the effectiveness of preventive and therapeutic health programs and services in improving the health of
Milton Terris, The Society for Epidemiologic Research (SER) and the future of epidemiology. Am J Epidemiol 1992; 136(8):909-915, p 912
5. Study the natural history of disease from its precursor state through its manifestations and clinical course.
6. Conduct surveillance of disease and injury occurrence in populations and of the levels of risk factors—passive
(receive reports), active (poll practitioners, conduct surveys).
7. Investigate outbreaks (e.g., hospital acquired infections, disease clusters, food-borne and water-borne infections)
to identify their source and controlling epidemics (e.g., measles, rubella, coronary heart disease, overweight).
Victor J. Schoenbach 1999, 2000, Epidemiology Definition, functions, and characteristics
DEFINITION OF NOXOLOGY
Noxology, health hazards science, is a branch of epidemiology and is the scientific study of harmful factors, taking into account a number of usually ignored aspects of the health hazards impact on humans, which include varied susceptibility of individuals (families, communities, nations) to a harmful factor acting alone or together with others, exhibiting a synergistic effects on health. In noxology, the starting point of the diagnostic process is the cause of health-related states or events investigated on individual, family, community, national, or global level (compare: Posita causa, ponitur effectus and Nihil fit sine causa).
dr Z Halat, Medical Epidemiology Consultant, Noxologist
PROCREATION MEANING, DEFINITION OF PROCREATION BY THE FREE DICTIONARY
SUCCESSFUL PROCREATION IS THE FULFILMENT OF THE FIRST IN ORDER
27 So God created humans in his image. In the image of God he created them. He created them male and female.
28 God blessed them and said, "Be fertile, increase in number, fill the earth, (...)
ETHICAL ASPECTS OF PROCREATION
Catechism of the Catholic Church
POPE FRANCIS: MEETING WITH THE YOUNG PEOPLE OF UMBRIA
[ English - French - German - Italian - Portuguese - Spanish ]
Family life is the vocation that God inscribed into the nature of man and woman and there is another vocation which is complementary to marriage: the call to celibacy and virginity for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven. It is the vocation that Jesus himself lived. How does one recognize it? How does one follow it? It was the third question you asked me? (...) Here is the answer
OPINION OF SOMEONE WHO NEVER PRACTICED ANY RELIGION, WAS MILITANT LEFTIST
Without ethics man has no future. This is to say mankind without them cannot be itself. Ethics determine choices and actions and suggest difficult priorities. John Berger: The denial of true reflection